Forex market is the largest growing market with the highest liquidity. The term forex indicates "Foreign & currency". It also sometimes abbreviated as "FX". Forex is another name of the currency market. Forex trading is short for foreign exchange trading and, as such,represents the market in which one country’s currency is quoted against that of another, and therefore provides the basis for the exchange of one currency with another, or to agree a rate for any future purchase.
Every Time you travel to a different country, you need to exchange your own currency into that country's main currency, in order to continue traveling, shopping etc. Suppose you are traveling to Australia from United State, then you need to buy Australian dollar with your US dollar. Australian dollar gets quotes as AUD/USD. If AUDUSD current rate is 0.7656. That means if you convert $5000 US dollar to Australian dollar, you will get $5000*0.7656 = 3828 AUD Dollar in order to spent in Australia. This AUDUSD is a forex pair. Similarly, in this picture illustration, you will see currency pair of GBPUSD. British pound gets quoted against US Dollar. In this case, if you travel to the UK, you need to convert US dollar to pound.
It is not necessary that people convert currencies only during traveling. Currency conversion happens for all business deals, even if you need to buy a new mattress from China living in Cyprus. Then you will need to convert Euro into Chinese Yuan (EUR/CYN). Forex currency exchange is mandatory or should we say the main lifeline for all international business transactions.
Followings are the major forex currencies in this world:
|USD||United States of America||US Dollar||Buck|
|EUR||The European Union||Euro||Fiber|
|GBP||Great Britain / England / United Kingdom||British Pound / Pound sterling||Cable,quad|
|NZD||New Zealand||New Zealand dollar||Kiwi|
|NOK||Norway, Quisling regime||Norwegian krone||krone|
All these ten currencies are the part of the G10 currencies. These currencies are the most heavily traded currencies in the world. Majority of the forex traders buy & sell these currencies on a daliy basis. Thus it has the highest liquidity. The term "G" came from the G-10 countries and their agreement to participate in the IMF General Arrangements to Borrow.(Reference Wikipedia)
You can view our Currency Converter Calculator to convert different G10 currencies.
Just because forex transaction is essential for international business & global transaction. Thus the forex market has bigger trading volume than other trading exchanges. Bigger than NewYork Stock Exchange (NYSE), Tokyo Stock Exchange & London Stock Exchange. Daily average currency trading volume is around $5.1 trillion as of 2017. It is increasing day by day. Because global business is improving day by day with better connectivity, online bank transaction, money transfer from one country to another. For that reason, more forex transaction is getting executed per seconds or even in nanoseconds with lightning fast speed & modern technology.
Because of the bigger daily average trading volume, this market holds lots of opportunity for traders, especially for day traders or scalpers(See definition). There are almost thousands of forex trading brokers available for investors to invest in the currency market. Big banks have their own currency brokerage division also. Thus forex market is the most liquid market.